Monday, August 5, 2013

The United States Marriage Equality Calendar

Sept 21, 1996President Bill Clinton signs the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) banning federal recognition of same-sex marriage and defining marriage as "a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife."
Dec 20, 1999The Vermont Supreme Court rules that gay and lesbian couples should be given the same rights as heterosexual couples.
Nov 18, 2003The Massachusetts Supreme Court rules that a ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional.
Feb 20, 2004Sandoval County, New Mexico, issues 26 same-sex marriage licenses, but they are nullified by the state attorney general the same day.
Feb 12, 2004Nearly 4,000 same-sex couples get marriage licenses in San Francisco, California.
Feb 24, 2004President George W. Bush announces support for a federal constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage.
Feb 27, 2004New Paltz, New York, Mayor Jason West performs same-sex marriages for about a dozen couples.
Mar 3, 2004In Portland, Oregon, the Multnomah County Clerk's office issues marriage licenses for same-sex couples. Neighboring Benton County follows, on Mar 24.
June 7, 2004Jason West, the mayor of New Paltz, New York, is issued a permanent injunction by the Ulster County Supreme Court against marrying same-sex couples.
Mar 11, 2004The California Supreme Court orders San Francisco to stop issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples.
May 17, 2004Massachusetts legalizes same-sex marriage, the first state in the U.S. to do so.
July 14, 2004The U.S. Senate blocks a proposed Constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage from moving forward in Congress. (48 votes out of 60 needed)
Aug 12, 2004The California Supreme Court orders San Francisco officials, including Mayor Gavin Newsom, not to license additional same-sex marriages, pending resolution of the constitutional challenges to state marriage statutes
Sept 30, 2004The U.S. House of Representatives votes against amending the Constitution to prohibit same-sex marriage.
Oct 5, 2004A Louisiana judge throws out an amendment to the state constitution banning same-sex marriage, because the ban also includes civil unions.
Nov 2, 2004Eleven states pass constitutional amendments defining marriage as being between a man and a woman only: Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon and Utah.
Mar 14, 2005A Superior Court judge rules that California's law that limits marriage to a union between a man and a woman is unconstitutional.
April 14, 2005Oregon's Supreme Court nullifies the same-sex marriage licenses issued there in 2004.
May 12, 2005A federal judge strikes down Nebraska's ban on protection and recognition of same-sex couples.
Aug 5, 2004A Washington judge rules the state's law defining marriage is unconstitutional.
Jan 18, 2005The Louisiana State Supreme Court reinstates the constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage that was thrown out in Oct 2004.
Sept 6, 2005The California Legislature passes a bill to legalize same-sex marriage. The legislature is the first in the U.S. to act without a court order to sanction same-sex marriages.
Sept 14, 2005The Massachusetts Legislature rejects a proposed amendment to its state constitution to ban same-sex marriages.
Sept 29, 2005California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoes the same-sex marriage bill.
Oct 7, 2005The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court hears a case challenging a 1913 law prohibiting nonresidents from marrying in Massachusetts if the marriage is prohibited in their home state. The law has been used in recent years to prevent same-sex couples from getting married.
Nov 8, 2005Texas becomes the 19th state to adopt a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage.
Jan 20, 2006A Maryland judge rules the state's law defining marriage is unconstitutional.
Mar 30, 2006The highest court in Massachusetts rules that same-sex couples who live in other states cannot get married in Massachusetts unless same-sex marriage is legal in their home states.
June 6, 2006Alabama voters pass a constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage.
July 6, 2006The New York Court of Appeals rules that a state law banning same-sex marriage is legal, and the Georgia Supreme Court upholds the state's constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage.
Nov 7, 2006Constitutional amendments to ban same-sex marriage are on the ballot in eight states. Seven states: Colorado, Idaho, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, and Wisconsin, pass theirs, while Arizona voters reject the ban.
Dec 21, 2006Civil unions are legalized in New Jersey. The law goes into effect on Feb 19, 2007.
May 15, 2008The California Supreme Court rules that the state's ban on same-sex marriages is unconstitutional. The decision goes into effect on June 16th at 5:01pm.
Oct 10, 2008The Connecticut Supreme Court in Hartford rules that the state must allow gay and lesbian couples to marry.
Nov 4, 2008Voters in California approve Proposition 8, which will amend the state's constitution to ban same-sex marriage. Voters in Arizona and Florida also approve similar amendments to their state constitutions.
Nov 12, 2008Same-sex marriage becomes legal in Connecticut.
Mar 23, 2009The Vermont state Senate votes 26 to 4 to legalize same- sex marriage. It goes before the state's House of Representatives on Mar 27. Vermont Governor Jim Douglas says he will veto a same-sex marriage bill if it comes across his desk.
April 3, 2009The Iowa Supreme Court strikes down a state law banning same-sex marriage.
April 7, 2009Vermont legalizes same sex marriages after both the state Senate and House of Representatives overturn a veto by Governor Jim Douglas. The Senate vote is 23-5, while the House vote is 100-49.
April 27, 2009Same-sex marriage becomes legal in Iowa as the court ruling comes into effect.
May 6, 2009Same-sex marriage becomes legal in Maine, as Gov. John Baldacci signs a bill less than an hour after the state legislature approves it.
May 6, 2009New Hampshire lawmakers pass a same-sex marriage bill.
May 26, 2009The California Supreme Court upholds the passage of Proposition 8, banning same-sex marriage. However, 18,000 such marriages performed before Proposition 8 will remain valid.
June 17, 2009President Barack Obama signs a memorandum granting some benefits to same-sex partners of federal employees.
July 7, 2009A new District of Columbia law recognizing same-sex marriages performed elsewhere takes effect.
Sept 1, 2009Same-sex marriage becomes legal in Vermont.
Nov 3, 2009Voters in Maine repeal the state's law allowing same-sex marriage.
Dec 15, 2009The city council of Washington, DC votes to legalize same-sex marriage, 11-2.
Jan 1, 2010Same-sex marriage becomes legal in New Hampshire.
Mar 9, 2010Same-sex marriage becomes legal in Washington, DC.
July 9, 2010Judge Joseph Tauro of Massachusetts rules that the 1996 Defense of Marriage Act is unconstitutional because it interferes with a state's right to define marriage.
July 15, 2010A federal appeals court upholds the DC law, rejecting an anti-same-sex marriage referendum.
Aug 4, 2010Chief U.S. District Judge Vaughn Walker from the United States District Court/Northern District Of California decides that Perry v. Schwarzenegger (Prop 8) is unconstitutional.
Jan 31, 2011Illinois Governor Pat Quinn signs the Illinois Religious Freedom Protection and Civil Union Act. It goes into effect June 1, 2011.
Feb 16, 2011Hawaii's Senate passes a measure to legalize same-sex civil unions. Gov. Neil Abercrombie says that he will sign the bill, which will take effect Jan 1, 2012.
Feb 23, 2011The Obama Administration instructs the Justice Department to stop defending the constitutionality of the Defense of Marriage Act in court.
April 25, 2011King & Spalding, the private law firm hired by House Speaker John Boehner, backs out of defending the Defense of Marriage Act.
June 14, 2011Governor Andrew Cuomo of New York proposes the Marriage Equality Act, a bill to legalize marriage for same-sex couples.
June 14, 2011U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California upholds a lower court ruling invalidating California's Proposition 8's ban on same-sex marriage as unconstitutional. The ruling had been challenged when the lower court's judge was found to be gay.
June 24, 2011The New York Senate votes to legalize same-sex marriage. Governor Andrew Cuomo signs the bill just before midnight.
July 24, 2011Same-sex marriage becomes legal in New York.
Sept 30, 2011The U.S. Department of Defense issues new guidelines allowing military chaplains to perform same-sex ceremonies.
Jan 1, 2012Civil unions become legal in Hawaii.
Jan 30, 2012Legislation to legalize same-sex marriage in the state of Washington passes a House committee vote and heads to the Senate. Governor Christine Gregoire is in favor of the bill.
Feb 1, 2012The Washington state Senate passes a bill to legalize same-sex marriage, by a vote of 28-21. On Feb 8, 2012, the House approves the measure by a vote of 55-43.
Feb 7, 2012A three-judge panel with the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco rules that Proposition 8, the voter-approved same-sex marriage ban, violates the Constitution.
Feb 13, 2012Same-sex marriage is signed into law in Washington by Governor Christine Gregoire.
Feb 13, 2012The New Jersey state Senate passes a bill to legalize same-sex marriage by a vote of 24-16.
Feb 17, 2012New Jersey Governor Chris Christie vetoes a bill legalizing same-sex marriage. New Jersey lawmakers have until the legislative session ends in Jan 2014 to override Christie's veto and will need a two-thirds majority in both houses to succeed.
Feb 23, 2012The Maryland Senate passes a bill to legalize same-sex marriage. The bill passed the Maryland House vote earlier in the month, and Governor O'Malley has promised to sign it into law. The law goes into effect in Jan 2013.
May 8, 2012North Carolina voters pass a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage, putting a ban that already existed in state law into the state's charter.
May 9, 2012Excerpts from an interview with ABC air in which President Barack Obama endorses same-sex marriage, the first such statement by a sitting president. He feels that the legal decision should be up to the states to determine.
May 30, 2012A lawsuit is filed in Illinois by nine same-sex couples challenging the constitutionality of a state law that denies same-sex couples the right to marry.
May 31, 2012The 1st U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Boston rules that the Defense of Marriage Act, (DOMA), discriminates against gay couples.
June 5, 2012The 9th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals in San Francisco denies a request to review an earlier court decision stating that California's Proposition 8 violates the Constitution. A stay on same-sex marriages in California remains in place until the issue is exhausted in the courts.
Oct 18, 2012The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals rules that the Defense of Marriage Act, (DOMA), violates the Constitution's equal protection clause, deciding in favor of widow Edith Windsor, an 83-year-old lesbian who sued the federal government for charging her more than $363,000 in estate taxes after being denied the benefit of spousal deductions.
Nov 6, 2012Voters in Maryland, Washington and Maine pass referendums legalizing same-sex marriage. This is the first time same-sex marriage has been approved by a popular vote in the United States. Voters in Minnesota reject a ban on the issue.
Dec 5, 2012Washington Governor Christine Gregoire signs Referendum 74, the Marriage Equality Act, into law.
Dec 6, 2012Same-sex marriage becomes legal in Washington.
Dec 7, 2012The U.S. Supreme Court announces it will hear two constitutional challenges to state and federal laws dealing with the recognition of gay and lesbian couples to legally wed. Oral arguments in the appeal are held in Mar 2013, with a ruling expected by late June.
Dec 29, 2012Maine's law to legalize same-sex marriage goes into effect at midnight.
Jan 1, 2013Maryland begins issuing marriage licenses to and performing ceremonies for same-sex couples as the new law goes into effect.
Jan 25, 2013The Rhode Island House of Representatives passes a bill legalizing same-sex marriage. It now goes before the state Senate for consideration.
Feb 14, 2013The Illinois Senate votes to legalize same-sex marriage. The bill now moves to the House for a vote.
Mar 12, 2013Colorado lawmakers pass legislation to legalize civil unions for same-sex couples. Governor John Hickenlooper signs it into law on Mar 21.
May 2, 2013Rhode Island Gov. Lincoln Chafee signs a bill legalizing same-sex marriage after the state legislature approves the measure. It will go into effect in Aug 2013.
May 7, 2013Delaware legalizes same-sex marriage. It goes into effect in July.
May 14, 2013Minnesota Gov. Mark Dayton signs a bill giving same-sex couples the right to marry. The law will go into effect in Aug 2013.
June 26, 2013The Supreme Court rejects parts of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) in a 5-4 decision, dismissing an appeal over same-sex marriage on jurisdictional grounds and ruling same-sex spouses legally married in a state may receive federal benefits. It also rules that private parties do not have "standing" to defend California's voter-approved ballot measure barring gay and lesbians couples from state-sanctioned wedlock. The ruling clears the way for same-sex marriages in California to resume.
Aug 1, 2013Laws in Rhode Island and Minnesota to legalize same sex marriage go into effect at midnight.

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